A lot of health advocates prefer bottled water over tap water because they are safer, free from most impurities, and have more beneficial mineral content. With the addition of alkaline water besides mineral, filtered, purified, and distilled water, choosing which one is best for you family can be confusing when you get to the water section of the shop.
What are the pros and cons of each type of drinking water?
Alkaline water is produced using the alkaline water ionizer or alkaline water ioniser machine. The key word when it comes to alkaline water is ionization, because it is the artificial process used by the alkaline water ionizer to subject the distilled water to electrolysis (purified water cannot be used because it lacks the needed amount of calcium and magnesium ions). The name alkaline water might be confusing for some, however, because natural alkaline water is not made using the ionization process. Alkaline water produced using the alkaline water ioniser machine should be called ionized water to distinguish it from the natural alkaline water found in natural springs, like natural mineral water.
Alkaline water is different from the other processed water because it has a higher pH or concentration of free hydrogen atoms. Water that has a low pH is considered acidic, while alkaline water from Singapore with a high pH (higher than the average 7 pH) is called alkaline. Specifically, acidic water has a lot of hydrogen ions, while water with fewer hydrogen ions are alkaline. To be considered alkaline, your drinking water must have a pH level of 9. So, how is it different from neutral water?
Alkaline water contains all the basic minerals such as magnesium, calcium, and bicarbonate than most. Just be careful when choosing an alkaline water ionizer because not all ionized water contains the healthy minerals needed by your body. Some benefits of alkaline water claimed by health advocates include a balanced body pH, hydration, improved absorption of vitamins, better oxygen distribution, and neutralization of stomach acidity. There are many ways to create alkaline water at home; these include, the use of lime or lemon on water, pH drops, alkalizing powder, water filter, water distiller, and reverse osmosis.
The name comes from the essential minerals for a healthy human body that are naturally found in water from springs. Mineral water sold at shops are either artificial or natural, although the latter is rare these days. The minerals from natural spring water come from the rocks the soil that water comes into contact with. With the processes involved in cleaning water for human consumption to free it from contaminants, most of the minerals in regular drinking water are lost. The process of creating mineral water in Singapore adds the lost minerals.
You might have also heard of the name mineralized water, but it’s different from mineral water. Mineralized water should be the named used for most of the mineral water you see in stores in Singapore because they get all their mineral properties through artificial means, unlike the natural mineral water that was not made through human intervention. Mineral water comes from wells and springs, and can be meteorological, juvenile or fossil in origin.
Filtered water is not purified water as some health advocates believe, because they undergo different processes to remove the water impurities. Like mineral water, purified water comes from natural sources and goes through a filtration process. However, a water filtration system uses a specific type of purifying technique called a filter made from carbon or activated charcoal.
It’s a natural way to remove the impurities in the water because the carbon molecules attract the toxins and the minerals. However, unlike purified water, filtered water might still contain toxic metals, organic contaminants, and fluoride.
The name purified water is used a general term to describe different processes to treat water, such as reverse osmosis, distillation, carbon filtration, deionization, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, electrodialysis, and ultraviolet oxidation. The goal of purifying water is to remove most of the contaminants for up to 10 ppm (parts per million). Purified water is most suitable for laboratory procedures because the contaminants and impurities are removed, however, some health advocates do not recommend purified water as drinking water because it could remove the body’s electrolytes.
The differences between purified water and distilled water is that the latter goes through only one process to remove impurities, but purified water needs other processes to reduce the impurities to extremely low levels. After all, boiling the water alone will not remove all the contaminants that have higher boiling points than water. The result is water that is purer than any filtered drinking water.
Distilled water is essentially a type of purified water, because the distillation process is also a method for purifying water of its impurities. Health advocates in Singapore recommend distilled water because it is free from chemicals that might be harmful to the body. Generally, distilled water does not contain a lot of contaminants, has fewer mineral content than regular drinking water, and can be slightly acidic.
Regular drinking water is first boiled to remove the contaminants such as metals and inorganic minerals, but some contaminants have higher boiling points than water, so it requires a different tactic to remove the other impurities. The water distillation turns that water into steam, which is captured and cooled to create distilled water. The distilled water is the basis for other water purification processes mentioned above.
All water purifying systems come with their own set of problems and challenges, although each one also has undeniable benefits to a healthy body.